Quantum computer

IBM Q System One is the first commercially available quantum computer

During decades, the owners of quantum operating systems were laboratories of world-known academic institutions and large companies. At the beginning of 2019, IBM introduced Q-System One – the initial 20-qubit quantum device that each enterprise can purchase and use for its own purposes. The representatives of IBM clarified that the introduction of Q-System One is just a small step towards a global revolution in technologies.

Despite the fact that IBM has already opened the option of prepayment for prospective customers, they are unlikely to be able to set this system in their HQ. Actually, it will be set on IBM’s place, whose experts will provide its service, while the clients will use the data processing power of this mechanism through the IBM Cloud service.

How It Works

The Q-System One unit is placed inside a 2.5-meter glass cube. This cube is an airtight shell, inside which is formed a protective atmosphere with special parameters. The elements of the Q technology are cooled to super-low temperatures, are inside a shiny metallic casing that protects its filling from external radiation and technical vibration.

“The emergence of the Q-System One is a huge leap towards Q technologies massive production. Its introduction will allow interested people to start developing their own Q apps for private sector and science,” – says Arvind Krishna, the head of IBM Research.”

It is planned, that the first Quantum Computation Center will open in New York, and the Q-System One and other high-performing systems will be open to customers through the same IBM Cloud service.

Revolution countdown

IBM’s management assumes that over the following decade, the middle-class Q processors from 50 to 100 qubits will appear in the world. This will give people the opportunity to manage and use truly enormous operating power for their own purposes because none of the most powerful supercomputers in the Top-500 rankings can compete with a Q-type computer with only 50 qubits. Possessing such power will allow humanity to discover new aspects of artificial intelligence systems, develop new materials, medicines, and effectively process huge amounts of data, which, in turn, can literally revolutionize some areas of technology and science.

“We hope that the availability of such power through the IBM Cloud service will provide a significant impact on modern science and lead to a big amount of vital discoveries,” said Arvind Krishna.

First newcomers

At present, experts from Google’s research group are constructing a new Q device, the capacities of which have already crossed the so-called “quantum superiority” barrier. “All the processes we have developed are working properly and we are ready to make a dramatic qualitative leap. It will be the creation of sуstems with 30-50 qubits, which we are already working on now.” – tells John Martinis, the head of Google research group.

In this race of Q technologies, the less known company Righetti is taking part. Its` specialists have created an 8-qubit Q processor chip, whose architecture allows the system to be scalable to an uncountable large level. An experimental chip created by Righetti is called Fab-1.

Researchers from the University of Waterloo have created a new wiring technology that is able to control the superconducting Q bits and qubits. This method, alongside with other ones, is a significant step towards the development of powerful Q-type computers.

Render by The Digital Artist